Q. How do you view the sustainability of electric vehicles amid growing debate about fuel cycle emissions of electric vehicles, such as raw material emissions mining, power sources such as coal, and battery recycling?
Some of the important remarks are certainly correct for today’s world. For example, use electricity from polluted energy sources such as coal. You’ve touched on raw materials, but in the last few years there have been thousands of great engineers working to solve these topics, many of which have already been resolved. For example, the utilization of the rarest magnets in motors has been significantly reduced in the most difficult parts used a few years ago, or in the rare parts, for example.
So our engineers are enthusiastic about making battery-powered electric vehicles truly sustainable and very optimistic that they will be able to resolve most or all of these obstacles in the next decade. .. As such, electrical mobility could be the solution in the next decade.
The utilization of the rarest magnets in motors has been significantly reduced in some of the most difficult or, for example, rare, rare parts used a few years ago.Wolf-HenningScheider-ZF Friedrichshafen Group Chairman and CEO
Q. I would like to understand how the demands of developed and developing economies differ as we move toward the future of sustainable mobility.
Indeed, infrastructure plays a major role not only in developing countries, but also in many regions of developed countries. Today, there are more and more vehicles in the showroom, some of which are very affordable electric vehicles.
Infrastructure is a major topic. Indeed, charging at home is a good solution, mainly for people driving in urban areas. But if you want to replace an internal combustion engine vehicle, infrastructure is important. And despite big government action to build this faster, I’m still seeing big gaps in many parts of India, Europe, and the United States.
As such, plug-in hybrids are considered a good solution for at least the next 15-20 years. Plug-in hybrids allow you to charge at home or at work for longer mileage. When required over 100km using a combustion engine. So this is the main reason why technology is so important for at least the next 20 years.
We believe plug-in hybrids are a great solution for at least the next 15-20 years.Wolf Henning Shaider
Q. What are the world-famous forces, or megatrends, that will shape the future of sustainable mobility?
Well, the megatrend is certainly electric mobility. So for me it’s already strategically underway and ZF is committed to implementing electrical mobility, but strategically with a long global setup, we’re a leader in our global market. A product that I am confident of becoming.
But beyond the next wave of change is the connected car, a software-defined vehicle. You need a vehicle with updated wireless software so that you can improve functionality and load new features into your vehicle.
You can also use AI on the server-side backend to improve efficiency over time with modern algorithms that provide new capabilities to your vehicle. So for me, this is as big a change as we talked about in the propulsion system. And it will hit the market pretty hard in the middle of the last decade. That’s why ZF is well prepared in that area.
And if you look at the other features, let’s face it in the long run. All vehicles will be autonomous, but no one knows where they are. Yes, so it will certainly take decades for the vehicle to run autonomously. But thanks to comfort, it’s clearly everyone’s dream, and we’re working on it.
The road to sustainable mobility is through electric and automated vehicles, and we believe that plug-in hybrid vehicles, as well as battery-electric vehicles, will play a role.Wolf Henning Shaider
Therefore, it is necessary to introduce more and more advanced autonomous functions and excellent roadmaps for electric vehicles as well. In the meantime, it’s important to be safe. For the Indian market and many others, it is also very important to use software and hardware features for safety. ZF is also working on low-cost autonomous or autonomous driving capabilities with safety as its primary goal, supporting vehicle autonomy in the long run.
Q. You talked about PHEVs. Of course, PHEVs play an important role, especially in emerging markets such as India, where infrastructure remains a challenge. Do you just want to understand how fuel cells and hydrogen fueled vehicles are shaped? What kind of market share you know.
There is certainly room for fuel cells in that area, as some trucks carry long distances. It is estimated that up to half of truck fleets probably carry long-distance transport. And in that case, the battery isn’t really the best solution. This is because the weight and cost of truck batteries need to exceed 600-1000km on many trips.
Therefore, we are focusing on fuel cells for commercial vehicles, and ZF solutions will be introduced. But anyway, we also find that the other part of the truck market is batteries. In cities, trucks don’t drive very long every day, so batteries can be a solution. Due to the overall efficiency of hydrogen systems, which use a lot of energy in the process of producing hydrogen and also for use in vehicles, the overall efficiency is even lower than the efficiency of today’s combustion engines. That’s why we believe batteries and plug-in hybrids are a better solution for passenger cars.
Q. In your presentation, you mentioned that ZF will be carbon neutral by 2040. Please tell me the specific steps you have taken so far. We are already in 2021, so how will it work in the next 20 years?
First of all, it’s always reduction, energy efficiency. Therefore, we reduce energy consumption by 2% every year. Despite the company’s growth, the net value is much higher and diminished as it works hard on the project. And this is due to thousands of projects in every aspect of creating energy efficiency, hydrogen energy efficiency and reducing consumption.
Over the next 10 years, we will resolve obstacles such as emissions in EV full-cycle economics.Wolf Henning Shaider
The other part is looking at renewable energy. I mentioned solar as a major supplier to the wind industry. Of course, we also go to wind farms and are preparing a joint partnership of ZF ownership at the wind farms to supply our own renewable energy to our factories.
Other measures are moving away from turning natural gas into renewable energy or green resources. The more difficult part is the use of so-called upstream and downstream products for supply chain and product use. We want to use our products to drive 100% renewable vehicles by 2040.
So beyond that, we don’t want to sell products that are built into combustion engines, we only want to sell them in truly sustainable vehicles. And I think it’s possible. It’s very rewarding, but I think this is our goal and it is possible. We have already had intense discussions with our suppliers to motivate them to follow the same path and have received a lot of positive feedback about it. So we are confident that our supply base will follow us in that it will be CO2-neutral by 2040.
Wolf-Henning Scheider, CEO, ZF Group, Auto News, ET Auto
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