Over the past year and a half, as we survived the COVID-19 pandemic, many of us became more and more aware of our health and the health of our loved ones. There are also many health questions, and we need a space where we can get scientific answers. News18.com has developed a “health hack” column to provide such a space for raising questions and concerns. This is a one-stop information board that answers all health related questions, especially COVID questions.
This column was written by Dr. Chandra Kantrahariya (MBBS, MD), a physician-epidemiologist and a leader in COVID-19 disease and vaccines. In this bi-weekly column, Dr. Lahariya covers a variety of topics and provides customized solutions to meet the health needs of children, adolescents, adults, the elderly, and the entire family of all members.
In today’s column, Dr. Lahariya discusses lifestyle choices such as drinking, smoking, and sleep patterns, and in fact the recovery of COVID-19.
How has long COVID affected people’s sleep patterns?
Several reports and studies have shown that sleep patterns in people affected with COVID-19 have changed. Looking at the evidence, we notice a variety of sleep-related problems. Some sleep disorder experts call this “COVID-insomnia,” while others are facing sleep disorders (insomnia) and changes in the sleep cycle.
People suffering from post or long COVID symptoms also report insomnia, night sweats, and other problems. From insomnia to hypersomnia (excessive sleep), night terrors, and misuse of sleeping pills, this phenomenon has been reported and treated, especially in people who have recovered from COVID-19 during this pandemic.
People facing such problems may be those who may never have COVID-19. This is because during the pandemic it affected an individual’s mental health, which is why people have sleep and related challenges. It is also important to remember that all medical conditions and health problems have physical as well as mental health consequences. This is a reminder that everyone pays attention to aspects of physical and mental health.
Has the pandemic led to an increase in addiction to medical drugs?
Fortunately, there are no such reports from India. However, in some countries, epidemiologists and researchers have observed increased substance use and drug overdose since COVID-19. But it’s also time for the government to start paying more attention to these aspects.
How does alcohol affect people recovering from COVID?
Alcohol misuse can affect our bodies in many ways. It can upregulate or overactivate the immune system, cause inflammation, interfere with the body’s immune response, and downregulate. Neither is good. We know the numerous detrimental effects of alcohol consumption on the heart, lungs, and almost every organ in our body. Excessive alcohol intake can damage the epithelial cells that line the lung surface and is associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Ultimately, impaired immune system function and increased susceptibility to respiratory illness may contribute to more severe COVID-19 and an increased risk of death. In addition to the physical consequences of alcohol misuse, it should be remembered that recovery of COVID-19 requires good mental health and that the end result of harmful use of alcohol is not a coping strategy. .. Everyone needs to be careful and manage their drinking habits.
Does a sedentary lifestyle play a role in delaying COVID recovery?
Even without the COVID-19 pandemic, a sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor for many health conditions. Today, sedentary lifestyles result in symbiosis with adverse consequences of SARSCoV2 infection. As a risk factor for COVID-19 serious illness, lack of exercise was only overcome by old age and a history of organ transplantation. We must all take four healthy actions: regular mental activity, a healthy diet, quitting smoking and avoiding the use of harmful alcohol. These four risk factors for cardiovascular disease can be envisioned. Reduces the risk of heart attack and other related illnesses. The COVID-19 pandemic is an opportunity to re-engage in a healthier lifestyle. Regular physical activity is a zero-cost health intervention. All age groups can start this at different times of the day or week. What is more important to start regular physical activity? Today, today than yesterday, more today than tomorrow, it must be an approach.
Is Excessive Screening Time Harmful During the COVID Recovery Process?
Increased screening time in young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic correlates with increased pandemic-related distress. In addition, increased digital screen time and limited outdoor activity are associated with the onset and progression of vision loss. Therefore, it can be exacerbated during and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic.
WHO says that increased screen time replaces healthy behaviors and habits such as exercise and sleep routines, reduced sleep and day / night reversals, headaches, neck pain, myopia, digital eye syndrome, cardiovascular risk He emphasized that it can lead to potentially harmful effects such as factors. Obesity, hypertension, and insulin resistance due to increased sedentary time in adults. In addition, increased evening screening time during the COVID-19 pandemic adversely affects people’s sleep quality.
Screen time requires special attention to children. Very young children should not have screen time. Kindergarten and elementary school children are allowed a very limited screen time. However, online classes are increasing exposure. Parents need to pay attention to their screen time and may have to manage the adult screen time of their family to reduce their screen time.
Should someone quit smoking during COVID recovery?
Smoking is harmful, whether COVID-19 or not, and everyone should quit smoking. There is plenty of scientific evidence pointing out the mechanism by which smoking is harmful. Smokers have twice as many complications after surgery as nonsmokers. Smokers also have much more serious problems such as wound healing, infections, blood clots, fracture connections, and chronic pain. Smoking puts the immune system at risk and increases the risk of lung disease. Finally, smoking is harmful to the lungs, inflaming lung tissue, making it fragile and susceptible to infection.
Second, in relation to COVID-19 results, a Chinese study found that smokers hospitalized with COVID-19 were three times more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit or die than nonsmokers. It is shown. From the United States, smokers admitted to hospitals were twice as likely to die. In addition, a recent study published by the New England Journal of Medicine found that smokers were 2.4 times more likely to have more serious symptoms of COVID-19 than those who did not smoke.
Does excessive caffeine affect recovery?
Drinking large amounts of coffee, tea, and even caffeinated soft and energy drinks is known to have harmful effects. These can cause dehydration and can adversely affect sleep patterns. Too much caffeine (included in tea as well as coffee) has short-term effects such as anxiety, tremors, palpitations, diarrhea, headaches, indigestion, and sleep disorders, as well as long-term effects such as: There is also an impact. Insomnia, acid reflux, migraine triggers, anxiety, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and hypertension. This is not a complete list. A good approach is to avoid drinking tea or coffee after 6 pm. This is a good rule of thumb, if not a difficult rule.
How do sugar and sweet drinks affect people’s bodies during recovery?
Sweet drinks such as soda, packaged fruit juices, fruit juice concentrates, syrups, flavored milk, and yogurt drinks are harmful to the body as they are not a balanced diet. Studies show that most Indian snacks, sweet or salty, are in a very unhealthy range. Excessive intake of free sugars and carbohydrates is very harmful. Excess sugar in our blood affects immune cells and weakens the immune system. It is a fertile land for the growth of bacteria and viruses, and they also love such high sugar levels in our blood. Excessive sugar, especially refined sugars such as high fructose corn syrup, can cause damage to the body in the form of insulin resistance. This condition puts the immune system in a virtuous circle as it must produce more and more insulin to help the body reach the cells. Therefore, it is important not to consume nutritionally outdated sugar products. Drinking water instead of sugar-sweetened drinks is an easy way to limit sugar intake and excess calories. But it’s not as easy as it sounds. Therefore, it requires decisive effort and commitment to slowly reduce sugar consumption, which is feasible. Make a pledge today and you will get off to a good start.
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Do you like sweet drinks and caffeine?This is how they are preventing your COVID recovery
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