In some cases, it can lead to asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, and lung cancer, as well as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to experts.
As the winter season begins, the city has recorded rising levels of air pollution, and for the past month, the Air Quality Index (AQI) has always been in the poor or very poor category. As a result, the footprints of patients suffering from dyspnea in hospitals are increasing.
Since November is also Lung Cancer Awareness Month, the TOI spoke with experts that smoking is the number one cause of COPD, but the proportion of nonsmokers with this disease has increased by at least 20% over the last five years. increase. Previously, nonsmokers accounted for about 5-10% of all COPD patients, but that percentage has risen to 25-45%.
In a paper published in the Indian Journal of Chest Diseases and Allied Sciences in July 2021, Professor Rajendra Prasad, director of medical education at Ella Zracnau Medical College and Hospital and head of respiratory medicine, found that 25-45% of COPD cases The main reason for non-smokers is poor indoor and outdoor air quality. This paper is based on several national and international studies published in reputable journals, including Lancet.
“Long-term exposure to smoke from a variety of sources, including biomass fuel burning, mosquito coils, incense sticks, and liquidators, can cause COPD and other lung diseases. Deaths of 80,000 rupees each year in India. The activity that causes air pollution needs to be minimized so that future generations can be saved from the COPD that is producing it. It is the second most common cause of death. Now even young people and children are affected. “We have received,” said Professor Prasad.
Five years ago, about 400 chronic lung patients came to KGMU for weekly treatment. The number has now reached 480-500. Similarly, at Barrampur Hospital and Municipal Hospital, the number of weekly COPD patients has increased from 100 to 125 over a five-year period. Similarly, the Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences recorded a 15% increase from 90 patients five years ago.
Professor Darshan Bajaj of the Department of Respiratory Medicine at KGMU said: “According to an analysis of OPD patients, nearly 30-40% are nonsmokers who develop COPD due to outdoor and indoor air pollution. Five years ago, it was 10-15%.”
Professor RASKushwaha of the Respiratory Division of KGMU said: “Small particulate matter that causes air pollution includes acids, organic chemicals, metals, soil, and dust. It passes through the lungs into the bloodstream, COPD, lung cancer, asthma, and other cardiovascular substances. Causes disease. “
Dr. Anand Gupta, Senior Pulmonologist at Ballanpur Hospital, said: inflammation. “
Bad air increases the risk of COPD for nonsmokers, Health News, ET HealthWorld
Source link Bad air increases the risk of COPD for nonsmokers, Health News, ET HealthWorld