NCPEDP (National Center for Employment Promotion of Persons with Disabilities) Secretary General
People with disabilities become extremely vulnerable when an unexpected disaster disrupts the status quo. This is because, on average, it is likely to have a negative socio-economic impact, such as rising poverty rates, as well as communication challenges caused by disability. Poorly planned disaster response and recovery efforts can exacerbate these disparities, making people with disabilities more difficult to deal with in both emergencies and emergencies.
The Covid-19 disaster has revealed two important facts: the need for effective disaster management systems and the apparent gap in the functioning of these systems, especially in reaching people with disabilities.
Global research shows that people with disabilities are almost four times more likely to die in the event of a disaster. A good example is the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan. Researchers have found that the case fatality rate of persons with disabilities after these natural disasters is two to four times higher than that of the general population. The Covid-19 pandemic is equally deadly, and at least one study shows that 6 out of 10 Covid-19-related deaths in the UK are disabled. Like all other disasters, people with disabilities are hit hardest by this disaster.
In 2019, the Ministry of Home Affairs published the National Disaster Management Guidelines (DiDRR) on disaster risk mitigation, including disability. The main purpose of the DiDRR guidelines is to ensure that the needs and voices of people with disabilities are included in disaster risk management. It is not only an international effort and statutory obligation (under sustainable development goals), but also an important difference between the lives and deaths of people with disabilities.
In 2020, the government treated the first wave of the pandemic as a national disaster. At this point, the DiDRR guidelines should work to help people with disabilities. Unfortunately, these guidelines remained as invisible as the coronavirus.
But this indifference had a silver lining. A major report highlighting the situation of persons with disabilities in India during the 2020 Covid Pandemic is that persons with disabilities are sensitive and active in the State Disability Commission and effectively engage with persons with disabilities and organizations of persons with disabilities. Showed that you have better access to possible remedies.
Needs depend on the type of disability and the type of disaster
Just as there are various disasters (earthquakes, floods, droughts, tsunamis, wildfires, illnesses, occupational accidents, etc.), there are multiple types of disabilities (movement disorders, blindness, hearing impairment, intellectual disability, dwarfing, etc.) ). The needs and requirements of people with disabilities depend on the type and severity of the disability and the type and severity of the disaster.
When a disaster strikes, people with disabilities face physical barriers, impaired communication, and other obstacles that impede their chances of survival. For example, a person in a wheelchair cannot easily crawl under a desk or table in the event of an earthquake. People with visual or hearing impairments may not be aware of signs of danger or evacuation orders (unless these signs are displayed in an accessible format). DiDRR aims to take all these issues into account and take appropriate action.
A series of measures is required
Disaster management, including disability, is a set of measures as India is involved in one of the worst disasters the world has ever faced and more and more parts of the country are under some form of restriction or blockade. Means. This means that accessible forms of information for all types of disabilities and a functional helpline for dealing with people with disabilities are available. Blockades or similar restrictions require food and food delivery at the front door, access to assistive equipment and services, and exemption from caregivers and support groups. People with disabilities, especially women and girls with disabilities, need protection from abuse and abandonment. Special measures are required to ensure that all children and students with disabilities are educated.
DiDRR is about knowing what to do in an emergency and being able to actually do it. It requires thorough planning, strong training and, most importantly, effective collaboration with all stakeholders. It is important that people with disabilities are not left behind, and these guidelines are fully enforced. Disaster Management Systems (DIDMS), including disability, save lives and protect dignity. The human cost of not having a standardized and effective response system is staggering. Emphasis should be placed on collaborative efforts between government, civil society and persons with disabilities.
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Arman Ali, Health News, ET HealthWorld
Source link Arman Ali, Health News, ET HealthWorld