“I have died, the destroyer of the world,” said J. Robert Oppenheimer, the father of the atomic bomb, witnessing the first ever nuclear weapons explosion in Alamogordo, New Mexico, on July 16, 1945. When I cried. United States under Project Manhattan. Oppenheimer explained the explosion as if the brilliance of a thousand suns exploded into the sky at once.
read: International Day Against Nuclear Test 2021: History, Significance, Purpose
What started with the Manhattan Project has become a global phenomenon, with nuclear explosions taking place in 60 locations by multiple countries around the world. Between 1945 and 1996, when the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) was signed, the world witnessed approximately 2,000 nuclear tests.
It all began with the United States testing a 20-kiloton nuclear bomb named “Trinity,” fearing that Germans might be working on similar weapons. The United States tested the first bomb on 16 July and then dropped the first bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 (Little Boy) and August 9 (Fat Man), respectively, within a few weeks of the explosion. More than 200,000 people have died. The following month, more people died from radiation-related illnesses and disabilities.
read: International Day Against Nuclear Tests 2021: Five Nuclear Treaties Preventing Further Nuclear Tests
Following one of the most horrific events humanity has ever witnessed, the UN General Assembly has decided to establish a committee for a complete ban on nuclear weapons. However, in 1949, the Soviet Union became the second superpower to test the first nuclear bomb in Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan. Three years later, the United States continued testing its first hydrogen bomb. This was 500 times more deadly than the bomb that exploded in Nagasaki.
According to the United States, the United States conducted a total of 1032 nuclear tests between 1945 and 1992, and the Soviet Union detonated 715 atomic bombs between 1949 and 1990. China conducted 45 nuclear tests from 1964 to 1996. India conducted its first nuclear test in Pokhran in 1974 under the name “Smiling Buddha” and then in 1998 two more tests under the rule of Prime Minister Atalbi Harley Vajpai.
Read all the latest news, latest news, coronavirus news here
A glimpse of the historic nuclear mushrooms that surround the earth
Source link A glimpse of the historic nuclear mushrooms that surround the earth